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The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Jun 11, 2012 (Issue 1392)
The FDA has approved the erythropoiesis-stimulating agent (ESA) peginesatide (Omontys – Affymax/Takeda), a synthetic peptide analog of erythropoietin, for treatment of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) who are on dialysis. Peginesatide is the third ESA to become available in the US.Overuse of the other two, which have broader indications, has been a concern.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Mar 22, 2010 (Issue 1334)
Ferumoxytol (Fer yoo mox’ i tole; Feraheme – AMAG), an intravenous (IV) iron replacement product, has been approved by the FDA for treatment of iron deficiency anemia in adults with chronic kidney disease. Iron deficiency anemia is common in chronic kidney disease and may be associated with decreased absorption from the gastrointestinal tract, limiting the usefulness of oral iron replacement. IV iron replacement can lower the dose requirement for erythropoiesis-stimulating drugs, particularly in patients on dialysis
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • May 07, 2007 (Issue 1260)
The erythropoiesis-stimulating agents (ESAs) epoetin alfa (Epogen, Procrit) and darbepoetin alfa (Aranesp) are widely used for treatment of anemia and to reduce the need for red blood cell transfusions. Based on the results of recent clinical trials indicating an increased risk of serious adverse events and death associated with ESAs, particularly when used to achieve a hemoglobin concentration ≥12 g/dL, the FDA has revised the prescribing information for these drugs to include a black box warning.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Apr 24, 2006 (Issue 1233)
Deferasirox (Exjade - Novartis), an oral chelating agent, recently received accelerated approval from the FDA as an orphan drug for oral treatment of chronic iron overload due to blood transfusions (transfusional hemosiderosis) in patients >2 years old. Deferasirox is a tridentate (2 molecules of deferasirox bind to one atom of iron) chelating agent with high affinity for iron. It has much lower affinity for zinc and copper.
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Apr 10, 2006 (Issue 1232)
Lenalidomide (Revlimid - Celgene), a thalidomide analog, has been approved by the FDA for treatment of patients with transfusion-dependent anemia due to myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) associated with a 5q deletion cytogenetic abnormality and a low or low-intermediate risk of mortality and progression to leukemia (based on the International Prognostic Scoring System).
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • Dec 10, 2001 (Issue 1120)
Darbepoetin alfa (Aranesp) has been approved by the FDA for treatment of anemia caused by chronic renal disease and will probably also be approved for use in patients with cancer..
The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics • May 14, 2001 (Issue 1104)
Use of epoetin alfa, a recombinant human erythropoietin, is being promoted directly to consumers in vague advertisements that promise renewed energy and improved work capacity. Epoetin is approved by the FDA for treatment of anemia due to chronic renal failure, cancer chemotherapy or HIV treatment, and before elective non-cardiac surgery. It is also used illicitly by competitive athletes to increase their endurance.